When you first enter a traditional washroom in India you will find that it is immensely different to a western bathroom. If you have travelled the world you will find a lot of Asian countries have similar washrooms. It is typically tiled all the way up the walls and ceiling. Taps will be situated above a large bucket with a jug. Next to the bucket is usually a small bath stool and a soap dish. Towards one end of the washroom, one step above the washroom floor, is a squat toilet. Which is basically a hole in the floor with a ceramic edging with grooves for standing on. There will be another tap and cup alongside the squat toilet. Some washrooms will have a freestanding sink with taps however you will usually find this outside of the washroom for easy access. There are many variations to the washroom depending on personal preference and regions of India. Some will have the wash area and toilet in separate rooms for ease of access. You will find nowadays majority of Punjabi people use western toilets with a bidet. The bidet sprays a blast of water to wash off with after you finish doing your business. Squat toilets will mostly be found only in rural regions.
So how do I use an Indian washroom? Taking a bath is easy enough. The bucket is filled with water. Usually for hygiene purposes, you pour hot water over the stool and jug before using. Then you simply take a seat and scoop the water out with the jug to bathe yourself. Most people will all share the soap dish. This again is a personal preference if you choose to bring your own toiletries to use. Many people will also have a shower situated above the bucket but choose to use a bucket out of personal preference.
Using a traditional squat toilet can be quite daunting at first. You essentially stand over the hole and place your feet on the ceramic grooves on either side, then squat. Once you have finished you pour water into the cup that is placed next to the toilet. Then straddle the jug and splash water as required. If using a public squat toilet I personally avoid standing on the ceramic grooves for hygiene reasons as they can be quite filthy.